American Heart Association: Guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiac care. JAMA 268:2171, 1992

Bohn DJ et al: Influence of hypothermia, barbiturate therapy, and intracranial pressure monitoring on morbidity and mortality after near-drowning. Crit Care Med 14:529, 1986

Fuller RH: The 1962 Welcome Prize Essay. Drowning and the postimmersion syndrome. Aclinicopathologic study. Milit Med 128:22, 1963

Graves SA, Layon AJ: Drowning and near-drowning, in Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Review, 3d ed., TC Kravis et al. (eds). New York, Raven, 1993, pp 689-700

Modell JH: Drowning. N Engl J Med 328:253, 1993

Modell JH: Pathophysiology and Treatment of Drowning and Near-Drowning. Springfield, IL, Charles Thomas, 1971

Modell JH et al: Clinical course of 91 consecutive near-drowning victims. Chest 70:231, 1976

Ornato JP: The resuscitation of near-drowning victims. JAMA 256:75, 1986

Rosen P et al. (eds): The Use of the Heimlich Maneuver in Near-Drowning. Committee on the Treatment of Near-Drowning Victims, Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC, 1994