Bronsema DA et al: Secular trends in rates and etiology of noso- comial urinary tract infections at a university hospital. J Urol 150:414, 1993

Craven DE, Steger KA Epidemiology of nosocomial pneumonia: New perspectives on an old disease. Chest 108:18, 1995

Culver DH et al: Surgical wound infection rates by wound class, operative procedure, and patient risk index. Am J Med 91(S3B):152S, 1991

Fagon J-Yet al: Mortality attributable to nosocomial infections in the ICU. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 15:428, 1994

George DL: Nosocomial pneumonia, in Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, CG Mayhall (ed.). Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1996, p 175

Jarvis WR: Epidemiology of nosocomial fungal infections, with emphasis on Candida species. Clin Infect Dis 20:1526, 1995

National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) Semiannual Report, May 1995. Am J Infect Control 23:377, 1995

Pittet D et al: Nosocomial bloodstream infection in critically ill patients. JAMA 271:1598, 1994

Bennett JV, Brachman PS (eds): Hospital Infections, 4th ed. Boston, Little, Brown, 1996

Bolyard EA et al: Guideline for infection control in Healthcare personnel, 1998. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 19:411, 1998

Centers for Disease Control: Report of the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System: Nosocomial infection rates for interhospital comparison: Limitations and possible solutions. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 12:609, 1991

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Draft guideline for isolation precautions in hospitals. Part I. Evolution of isolation precautions. Part II. Recommendations for isolation precautions in hospitals. Fed Regist 59:55552, 1994

Garner JS, Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee: Guideline for isolation precautions in hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 17:53, 1997

Goldmann DA et al: Strategies to prevent and control the emergence and spread of antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms in hospitals.A challenge to hospital leadership. JAMA 275:234, 1996

Klempner MS (ed): Hospital infections and health-care epidemiology, in Infectious Diseases Medical Knowledge Self-Assessment Program, 2d ed. Philadelphia, American College of Physicians, 1998

Martone WJ, Garner JS (eds): Proceedings of the Third Decennial International Conference on Nosocomial Infections. Am J Med 91 (Suppl 3B):1S, 1991

Mayhall CG (ed.): Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control. Baltimore, Williams &Wilkins, 1995