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, , -- , , ( Cajal, 1909 , Cajal, 1911 ). ( Dowling, 1987 ), - ( Polyak, 1941 ) ( Rodieck, 1973 , Rodieck, 1988 ). ( Gordon Walls, 1963 ) , , , - . , - . (1997) , ( Nathans ) . ( Yokoyama, 1995 ) 28 , . ( Hartline, 1938 ), - (1953) ; ( Levick, 1967 ). , , ( Schiller, 1992 ) ( Nakanishi, 1995 ) . , ( Brockerhoff, Dowling and Hurley, 1998 ) . Alberts, B., D. Bray, J. Lewis, M. Raff, K. Roberts, J. D. Watson, 1994, Molecular Biology of the Cell (3rd Edition), New York: Garland Publishing Co Cajal, Ramon y, 1909 , 1911, Histologie du Systeme Nerveux de I'Homme et des Vertebres, trs. L. Azoulay, Paris: Maloine, 2 vols Dowling, J. E., 1987 , The Retina: An approachable part of the brain, Cambridge, MA:Harvard University Press Hartline, H.K., 1938 , 'Responses of single optic nerve fibres of the vertebrate eye to illumination of the retina', American Journal of Physiology, 121, 400-415 Kandel, E. R., J. H. Schwartz and T. M. Jessel, eds, Principles of Neuroscience, New York: Elsevier Kuffler, S. W., 1953 , 'Discharge patterns and functional organization of the mammalian retina', Journal of Neurophysiology, 16, 37-68 Osterberg, G. A., 1935 , 'Topography of the layer of rods and cones in the human retina', Acta Ophthalmologica, 6(1), 1935 Polyak, S. L., 1941 , The Retina, Chicago: University of Chicago Press Rodieck, R.W., 1973 , The Vertebrate Retina, San Francisco: Freeman Tripathi, R. C. and B. J. Tripathi, 1984 , 'Anatomy, orbit and adnexa of the human eye', in The Eye (3rd edn), H. D348avson, ed., Orlando, Fla: Academic Press Walls, G. L., 1963 , The Vertebrate Eye and its Adaptive Radiation, New York: Hafner

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