Gene: [04q/CCNA] cyclin A (G2/mitotic specific); [CCN1 ]


IDN

See FAM:CCN/00.0.

FUN

The A-type cyclins act as regulatory subunit of p34-cdc2 (or its relatives) (Solomon-1988; Goebl, Byers-1988; Draetta-1989; Booher-1989; Meijer-1989; Labbe-1989a), a serine-threonine protein kinase (Hindley, Phear-1984; Reed-1985; Simanis, Nurse-1986) that functions transiently in M phase to drive cells through mitosis (Gautier-1988; Dunphy-1988; Arion-1988). Both cyclins A and B (GEM:05q1/CCNB1) associate with p34-cdc2 (or its relatives) in separate complexes (Draetta-1989), where the activity of the kinase(s) is regulated by its phosphorylation, both on threonine and tyrosine residues (Lee-1988; Draetta, Beach-1988; Labbe-1989b; Gautier-1989; Dunphy, Newport-1989; Moria-1989; Gould, Nurse-1989). The G2 to M phase transition is marked by the abrupt tyrosine dephosphorylation and activation of the p34-cdc2 kinase (Gould, Nurse-1989; Dunphy, Newport-1989; Moria-1989; Solomon-1990), followed by the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of cyclin and the rapid decay of p34-cdc2 enzymatic activity (Glotzer-1991). But the levels of cyclin A oscillate in advance of cyclin B (Pines, Hunter-1990), forming an enzyme that appears to act earlier in the division cycle than mitosis (Draetta-1989; Minshull-1990; Giordano-1989; Pines, Hunter-1990). This enzyme is most active during interphase rather than M phase, and its exact role is not fully clear at present (Giordano-1989; Pines, Hunter-1990). Cyclin A binds independently to at least one other cyclin-dependent kinase (CDC2-related kinase) p33-CDK2 (GEM:12q13/CDK2), forming an enzyme that appears to act earlier in the division cycle than mitosis (Draetta-1989; Minshull-1990; Giordano-1989; Pines,Hunter-1990; Fang,Newport-1991; Tsai-1991; Xiong-1992)."

MOP

[1] CYCA encodes the protein with MM=49 kD. Three Lys-Tyr, three Lys-Lys and one Arg-Arg sequences are present in the human cyclin A protein, and they might serve as cleavage sites for trypsin-like proteolytic enzymes (Pines-1987; Wang-1990).
[2] Cyclin A destruction in mitosis is mediated by a 'mitotic destruction motif' near the amino terminus of the protein that targets it for ubiquitin-dependent degradation (Glotzer-1991)."

PAT

Alteration of expression of a cyclin gene is directly linked with cellular transformation (Xiong-1991). The human cyclin A gene was found to be a target for hepatitis B virus integration in a hepatocellular carcinoma (Wang-1990). This might be of importance in liver cancerogenesis, first of all, in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. There are growing evidences that an integration of viral DNA may, via an altered cyclin synthesis, affect the regulation of cell divisions, thus inducing malignancy. Cyclin A also associates with adenovirus E1A in virally infected cells (Giordano-1989; Pines, Hunter-1990; Xiong-1991)."

EVO

Cyclin A and cyclin B1 share 37% identity and 61% similarity over the most conserved region (including most of the cyclin box), and Cln1 and cyclin A share 15% identity and 36% similarity in this region."

REF

IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Arion &: Cell, 55, 371-378, 1988
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Booher &: Cell, 58, 485-497, 1989
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Draetta &: Cell, 56, 829-838, 1989a
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Draetta, Beach: Cell, 54, 17-26, 1989b
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Dunphy, Newport: Cell, 58, 181-191, 1989
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Dunphy &: Cell, 54, 423-431, 1988
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Fang, Newport: Cell, 66, 731-742, 1991
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Gautier &: Nature, 339, 626-629, 1989
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Gautier &: Cell, 54, 433-439, 1988
PAT "Giordano &: Cell, 58, 981-990, 1989
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Glotzer &: Nature, 349, 132-138, 1991
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Goebl, Byers: Cell, 54, 739-740, 1988
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Gould, Nurse: Nature, 342, 39-45, 1989
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Hindley, Phear: Gene, 31, 129-134, 1984
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Labbe &: Cell, 57, 253-263, 1989a
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Labbe &: EMBO J, 8, 3053-3058, 1989b
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Lee &: Nature, 333, 676-679, 1988
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Meijer &: EMBO J, 8, 2275-2282, 1989
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Minshull &: EMBO J, 9, 2865-2875, 1990
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Morla &: Cell, 58, 193-203, 1989
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Pines J, Hunter: Nature, 346, 760-763, 1990
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Reed &: PNAS, 82, 4055-4059, 1985
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Simanis, Nurse: Cell, 45, 261-268, 1986
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Solomon &: Cell, 54, 738-739, 1988
IDN,FUN,MOP,EXP "Tsai LH &: Nature, 353, 174-177, 1991
PAT "Wang J &: Nature, 343, 555-557, 1990
EVO,EAG "Xiong Y &: Genomics, 13, 575-584, 1992
PAT "Xiong Y &: Cell, 65, 691-699, 1991
EVO,EAG "Xiong Y, Erickbush: EMBO J, 9, 3353-3362, 1990
EVO,EAG "Yoshida MC &: PNAS, 85, 4861-4864, 1988

SWI

SWISSPROT: P20248

KEY

nucm, onc, repr

CLA

coding, basic

LOC

04 q25-31

MIM

MIM: 123835

SYN

CCN1

鸯铗痂蝈 蜞赕:

  • Gene: [11q133/CCND1] cyclin D1; parathyroid adenomatosis 1 (cyclin D1 deficiency); [PRAD1 ]
  • Gene family: cyclins; (CCNA CCNB1 CCNB2 CCNC CCND1 CCND2 CCND2P CCND3 CCND3P CCNE CCNF CCNG1 CCNG2 CCNH CCNL1 CCNT1 CCNT2)
  • 茵囗耜痂秭桀眄 羿牝铕 皴戾轳蜮 E2F/DP 觌弪铟眍 鲨觌
  • Gene: [12p13/CCND2] cyclin D2 (G1/S-specific);
  • HUGEN-鲨觌桧
  • HUGEN-鲨觌桧 沭箫稃 A